The Original 13 Colonies
Discover interesting facts and information about the history of the original 13 Colonies starting with the arrival of the first colonists in Jamestown in 1607 who suffered the Starving Time and the Pilgrim Fathers who arrived on the Mayflower in Plymouth Settlement in 1620, refer to the Mayflower Compact and the people who immigrated to Colonial America. For a history timeline detailing specific events relating to the original 13 Colonies refer to the 13 Colonies Timeline . A fully comprehensive history reference relating to the era refer to the Colonial America Time Period .
13 Colonies Map
Where were the original 13 Colonies situated? The English settlements of the original 13 Colonies were located on the Atlantic coast of North America. The original 13 colonies were Delaware, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts Bay Colony (which included Maine), New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. The original 13 colonies were divided into three geographic areas consisting of the New England colonies, the Middle colonies, and the Southern colonies. The first European colonists and settlers did not know how big North America was because they didn't have a map of the continent - it was, literally unchartered land.
Colonial America - Map of the 13 Colonies
(Video) 13 Colonies: Comparing Regions New England, Middle, and Southern
|New England Colonies|
For interesting facts and information check out the British Colonies in 1763
The 13 Colonies in Order of Establishment
The list of the 13 Colonies in order of establishment and Colonization are detailed in the following table:
13 Colonies in Order of Colonization
|Date of Colonization||Name of Colony / Settlement||Famous People|
|1607||Virginia||John Smith John Rolfe|
|1620||Plymouth Colony||John Carver William Bradford|
|1626||New York||Peter Minuit Peter Stuyvesant|
|1630||Massachusetts Bay||John Winthrop|
|1633||Maryland||George Calvert, Lord Baltimore|
|1636||Rhode Island||Roger Williams Anne Hutchinson|
|1638||New Hampshire||John Mason John Wheelright|
|1638||Delaware||Peter Minuit William Penn|
|1653||North Carolina||Lords Proprietors |
Charter of Carolina
|1664||New Jersey||George Carteret|
|Date of Colonization||Name of Colony / Settlement||Famous People|
|13 Colonies in Order of Colonization|
For more facts and information refer to the article on Colonies to States for details of
how and when the 13 original colonies became states
13 Colonies Map - The New England, Middle & Southern Colonies
The 13 Colonies map shows the location of each of the original 13 colonies and color coded to indicate which of the original 13 colonies were classified as the New England colonies, the Middle colonies, and the Southern colonies. Each of the 13 Colonies had specific economic, social, and political developments that were unique to their regions and locations in Colonial America - see Colonial Times .
The New England Colonies list consisted of four of the original 13 Colonies:
- New Hampshire
- Massachusetts Bay Colony
- Rhode Island
The Middle Colonies list also consisted of four of the original 13 Colonies:See AlsoA 1999 New Jersey Quarter Worth $3,000? Yes! Here's What To Look For + The Value Of All 1999 New Jersey State QuartersScac Codes - docshare.tipsLake Como, PA City Data | Population, Maps, Homes, StatisticsPreguntas Y Respuestas Para Examen De Manejo
- New York
- New Jersey
The Southern Colonies list consisted of five of the original 13 Colonies:
- North Carolina
- South Carolina
The 13 Colonies Chart
The 13 Colonies chart shows the New England, Middle and Southern Colonies:
13 Colonies Chart
|New England Colonies||Middle Colonies||Southern Colonies|
|Massachusetts||New Jersey||North Carolina|
|New Hampshire||New York||South Carolina|
13 Colonies Chart
(Video) Colonial America, ep. 2: Getting to know the Colonies
The Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor
The New England Colonies
The 13 Colonies - Facts and Information about the New England Colonies
Information and facts about the 13 colonies. The New England Colonies are also referred to as the North Colonies - Facts about the New England Colonies of Colonial America:
- Fact 1 - Geography: The geography of New England consisted of mountains thick with trees, rivers and poor rocky soil that was difficult to farm and unsuitable for agriculture
- Fact 2 - Natural Resources: Fish, whales, forests. Imported agricultural products from other colonies
- Fact 3 - Religion: Puritans - No religious freedom. refer to Religion in the Colonies
- Fact 4 - Climate: Coldest of the three regions, leading to difficult winters but less disease
The Middle Colonies
The 13 Colonies - Facts and Information about the Middle Colonies
The four Middle Colonies of Colonial America consisted of a mix of both northern and southern features and its early settlement was dominated by non-English Europeans, mostly Dutch and German, the English colonists were in the minority. Information and facts about the 13 colonies - Facts about the Middle Colonies of Colonial America:
- Fact 1 - The geography and climate of the Middle Colonies was a mix of the New England and Southern features
- Fact 2 - Natural Resources: Good farmland, timber, furs and coal. Iron ore was a particularly important natural resource
- Fact 3 - Religion: Not dominated by a specific religion which gave way to religious freedom for Quakers, Catholics, Lutherans, Jews and others
The Southern Colonies
The 13 Colonies - Facts and Information about the Southern Colonies
Information and facts about the 13 colonies - Facts about the Southern Colonies of Colonial America:
- Fact 1 - Geography: The geography of the Southern Colonies was hilly coastal plains with plenty of forests
- Fact 2 - Natural Resources: The Southern colonies concentrated on developing plantations that eventually grew cotton, tobacco, rice, sugar cane and indigo (a purple dye)
- Fact 3 - Religion: Not dominated by a specific religion which gave way to religious freedom for Baptists, Anglicans and others
- Fact 4 - Climate: Warmest of the three regions, winters not difficult to survive, warmer climate gave rise to the spread of disease
- Fact 5 - Trade and Industry was dominated by the Slave Plantations
The 13 Colonies - The Original Names of the New England Colonies
The four New England Colonies of Colonial America included colonies of New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Rhode Island and Connecticut. The original names of the New England Colonies were the Province of New Hampshire, later New Hampshire, the Province of Massachusetts Bay, later Massachusetts and Maine, the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, later Rhode Island and the Connecticut Colony, later Connecticut.
The Names of the Original 13 Colonies - The Middle Colonies
The four Middle Colonies of Colonial America composed of Pennsylvania, Delaware, New York, and New Jersey. The original names of the Middle Colonies were the Province of New York, later New York and Vermont, the Province of New Jersey, later New Jersey, the Province of Pennsylvania, later Pennsylvania and the Delaware Colony (before 1776, the Lower Counties on Delaware), later Delaware.
The Names of the Original 13 Colonies - The Southern Colonies
The five Southern Colonies of Colonial America composed of Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. The original names of the Southern Colonies were the Province of Maryland (later Maryland), the Colony and Dominion of Virginia, (later Virginia, Kentucky and West Virginia), the Province of North Carolina, (later North Carolina and Tennessee), the Province of South Carolina, (later South Carolina) and the Province of Georgia, (later Georgia). The Dominion of Virginia and the Province of Maryland comprised the Chesapeake Colonies.
- Interesting Facts and information via the 13 Colonies
- 13 Colonies history timeline
- Fast Facts and info with the 13 Colonies timeline
- The 13 Colonies is great history timeline resource for kids
- Social Studies Homework help for kids on 13 Colonies
Pictures and Videos of the 13 Colonies
The 13 Colonies were classified in three separate regions consisting of the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies and the Southern Colonies. Virginia, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts Bay Colony (which included Maine), New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Delaware, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island.. We hope that this article on the 13 Colonies will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the colonists. A great educational resource for kids on the subject of the 13 Colonies. For facts, laws and statistics about emigration today, and in the past, please visit www.emmigration.info.
Just prior to declaring independence, the Thirteen Colonies in their traditional groupings were: New England (New Hampshire; Massachusetts; Rhode Island; Connecticut); Middle (New York; New Jersey; Pennsylvania; Delaware); Southern (Maryland; Virginia; North Carolina; South Carolina; and Georgia).What are the 13 colonies in order? ›
Over the next century, the English established 13 colonies. They were Virginia, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.How were each of the 13 colonies named? ›
The first thirteen colonies were either named after people, Indian names or, places in England. The original states/colonies are, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, Georgia, North Carolina, Maryland, South Carolina, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Virginia, New Hampshire and New Jersey.What are the 13 middle colonies? ›
|U.S. States||Delaware New Jersey New York Pennsylvania|
How to Memorize the Names of the 13 Colonies - YouTubeWhich of the 13 original colonies was established first? ›
Virginia. The first of the colonies to be established, Virginia came into existence in 1607. A group of colonists called the Virginia Company founded the first permanent English settlement in North America on May 14, 1607, naming it Jamestown for its location on the banks of the James River.What were many of the original 13 colonies named after? ›
Many of the colonies were named after the rulers of England including the Carolinas (for King Charles I), Virginia (for the Virgin Queen Elizabeth), and Georgia (for King George II).How did the 13 original colonies start? ›
They were founded for a diverse range of reasons, from the pursuit of fortunes to the desire to create havens from persecution and model societies, and had differing systems of governance. The colonies' inhabitants—an estimated 2.5 million when the Revolution began—varied greatly as well.What are the 5 southern colonies? ›
The Southern colonies included Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina, and Georgia.What are the 4 Middle colonies? ›
The middle colonies included Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Delaware. Advantaged by their central location, the middle colonies served as important distribution centers in the English mercantile system. New York and Philadelphia grew at a fantastic rate.
American colonies, also called thirteen colonies or colonial America, the 13 British colonies that were established during the 17th and early 18th centuries in what is now a part of the eastern United States.What are the Southern 13 colonies? ›
The Southern colonies were Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. They were located south of both the New England colonies (New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut) and the Middle colonies (New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Delaware).What are the names of the New England colonies? ›
Map of the eastern seaboard, showing New England colonies (Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Connecticut), Middle colonies (New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware), Chesapeake colonies (Virginia, Maryland), and Southern colonies (North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia).Who settled Southern colonies? ›
The Southern Colonies were settled by the British Empire. They include Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. The Virginia Colony was the first colony to be settled. It was chartered by King James I of England in 1606 to create a profit for the British Empire.When were the 13 original colonies founded? › What are the abbreviations for the 13 colonies? ›
- Massachusetts. MA.
- New Hampshire. NH.
- Rhode Island. RI.
- Connecticut. CT.
- New York. NY.
- New Jersey. NJ.
- Pennsylvania. PA.
- Maryland. MD.
Massachusetts. Much like Virginia to the South, this is the most important colony in the northern region of England's 13 colony experiment. Originally called the Massachusetts Bay colony, this site was founded in the Plymouth area by the Massachusetts Bay Company in 1623.What was the United States called before 1776? ›
On September 9, 1776, the Continental Congress formally declares the name of the new nation to be the “United States” of America. This replaced the term “United Colonies,” which had been in general use.How many colonies were there originally? ›
The original 13 colonies of North America in 1776, at the United States Declaration of Independence.What was the first colony in America? ›
In 1607, 104 English men and boys arrived in North America to start a settlement. On May 13 they picked Jamestown, Virginia for their settlement, which was named after their King, James I.
The invasion of the North American continent and its peoples began with the Spanish in 1565 at St. Augustine, Florida, then British in 1587 when the Plymouth Company established a settlement that they dubbed Roanoke in present-day North Carolina.Why did British come to America? ›
The British settlers came to these new lands for many reasons. Some wanted to make money or set up trade with their home country while others wanted religious freedom. In the early 1600s, the British king began establishing colonies in America.How many Southern Colonies are there? ›
The five Southern Colonies of Colonial America composed of Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia.What region were the 13 colonies? ›
These settlers established thirteen English colonies. The colonies were located along the Atlantic Ocean, with New France to the north and New Spain to the south. The Appalachian Mountains formed a natural boundary to the west.Who lived in the Southern Colonies? ›
Its people were English, Scots-Irish, French, and West Indian. Free and enslaved Africans lived in the city as well. Main Idea Southern plantations were large and needed many workers, but most southern colonists lived on small family farms. The huge plantations in the South were more like small villages than farms.What was the first Middle colony? ›
The first settlement was Philadelphia. Formation of New England - King James II combines the colonies of Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth, Rhode Island, New York, New Hampshire, East Jersey and West Jersey into a single colony: The Dominion of New England.Which of the following includes three of the 13 original states? ›
New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island are three of the original 13 states. To pass the US citizenship test, you will have to answer 10 of a possible 100 questions. The following question is from the USCIS test.What were the 3 types of colonies? ›
There are three different types of colonies: charter, proprietary, and royal colonies.Which of the original 13 colonies was founded last? ›
Georgia was the last of the 13 colonies. It was founded in 1732, long after the others. James Oglethorpe asked the king for a land charter and was granted an unpopulated portion of land from the Carolina charter called Georgia after King George. Oglethorpe had two motives for making this colony.How were the 13 colonies different from each other? ›
13 Colonies: Comparing Regions New England, Middle, and Southern
Plymouth Plantation was the first permanent settlement in New England, but beyond that distinction, its place in American history is somewhat exaggerated. Before long, the Pilgrims were eclipsed by the far larger and more important immigration of Non‐Separatist Puritans, who started the Massachusetts Bay colony.Why are the 6 states called New England? ›
In 1620, the Pilgrims arrived on the Mayflower and established Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts, beginning the history of permanent European colonization in New England. In 1616, English explorer John Smith named the region "New England".
Many English, Dutch, Germans, Scots, Scotch-Irish, and Swedes settled in the Middle colonies. They practiced a variety of religions, all of which were freely accepted by others. Quakers, Lutherans, Presbyterians, Roman Catholics, and Anglicans were among the many religious groups found in the Middle colonies.Who is the leader of the Southern Colonies? ›
James Oglethorpe controlled the colonists in Georgia for 20 years. He made every decision until the British king made the land a royal colony. From that point on, the king named the leaders and council members.Who colonized North Carolina? ›
|Province of North Carolina|
|• Partition of Carolina||January 24, 1712|
|• Declaration of Independence from Great Britain||July 4, 1776|
On September 9, 1776, the Continental Congress formally declares the name of the new nation to be the “United States” of America. This replaced the term “United Colonies,” which had been in general use.What is the oldest colony in America? ›
The first colony was founded at Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607. Many of the people who settled in the New World came to escape religious persecution.What are the 13 colonies known for? ›
The 13 colonies were a group of settlements that became the original states of the United States of America. Nearly all the colonies were founded by the English, and all were located along the East Coast of North America. In 1776 the 13 colonies declared their independence from Great Britain.Why each of the 13 colonies were founded? ›
They were founded for a diverse range of reasons, from the pursuit of fortunes to the desire to create havens from persecution and model societies, and had differing systems of governance. The colonies' inhabitants—an estimated 2.5 million when the Revolution began—varied greatly as well.
American colonies, also called thirteen colonies or colonial America, the 13 British colonies that were established during the 17th and early 18th centuries in what is now a part of the eastern United States.When did the original 13 colonies become states? ›
Thirteen colonies become the United States of America, Sept. 9, 1776 - POLITICO.What do Native Americans call America? ›
Turtle Island is a name for Earth or North America, used by some Indigenous peoples, as well as by some Indigenous rights activists. The name is based on a common North American Indigenous creation story and is in some cultures synonymous with "North America."What was America's original name? ›
The newly formed union was first known as the "United Colonies", and the earliest known usage of the modern full name dates from a January 2, 1776 letter written between two military officers.What is America's nickname? ›
Tune in to any political campaign in the United States, and you'll find yourself awash in rhetoric celebrating “the Land of the Free” and “the Great Experiment.” Colloquially, America goes by “Uncle Sam” and is known to many of its allies as “a beacon of hope.” But a country with as many enemies as it ...Who landed in America first? ›
Five hundred years before Columbus, a daring band of Vikings led by Leif Eriksson set foot in North America and established a settlement.Who lived in the US first? ›
Up until the 1970s, these first Americans had a name: the Clovis peoples. They get their name from an ancient settlement discovered near Clovis, New Mexico, dated to over 11,000 years ago. And DNA suggests they are the direct ancestors of nearly 80 percent of all indigenous people in the Americas.Who founded America? ›
Explorer Christopher Columbus (1451–1506) is known for his 1492 'discovery' of the New World of the Americas on board his ship Santa Maria.