21 Snakes In Pennsylvania (Pictures & Identification) (2022)

There are 21 species of snake you may encounter in Pennsylvania. Snakes often cause fear, even though the majority of them are completely harmless to humans. Continue reading to find out more about the snakes you may come across when in Pennsylvania.

Table of Contents

Are There Venomous Snakes In Pennsylvania

Out of the 21 snake species in Pennsylvania, only three are considered venomous. These include:

  • Northern Copperhead
  • Timber Rattlesnake
  • Eastern Massasauga

Types Of Snakes In Pennsylvania

The 21 species of snakes in Pennsylvania include:

1. Northern Copperhead

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Scientific name: Agkistrodon contortrix mokasen.

Common name:northern copperhead.

Length: 61–91cm (24–36in).

Venomous: Yes.

Northern Copperheads can grow to a maximum of 53 inches (135cm).

They can be identified by the hourglass pattern that runs down their body. The dark chestnut cross bands that make the hourglass are narrower in the center and wider on the sides, there are often a series of dark spots between the cross banding.

You may see some dark spots on the side of the belly.

Their head is a distinct copper-red.

Juveniles are lighter than adults in color with the tip of their tails being yellow. They also have a dark line that runs through the eye. They darken with age and the yellow of the tail fades.

The Northern copperhead is a quiet and lethargic snake that will lie still or slowly move away if encountered. They will strike viscously if they are threatened or provoked.

They are common in the southern most parts of the state where they are common in suburban backyards, though they do prefer wooded hillsides with plenty of rocks, close to a permanent water source, such as a swamp or stream.

If bitten by a Northern Copperhead, ensure you seek immediate medical treatment.

Further Reading:

  • What eats copperhead snakes?
  • How to identify copperhead snakes.

2. Timber Rattlesnake

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Timber rattlesnake

Scientific name:Crotalus horridus.

Common name:timber rattlesnake, canebrake rattlesnake, banded rattlesnake.

Length:30 – 60 in (76 – 152 cm)

Venomous: Yes.

Timber rattlesnakes grow to 60 inches (152cm) in length and can weigh up to 4.5kg (9.9lb).

They have keeled dorsal scales in black or dark brown crossbands over a yellow/brown or gray body. The crossbands have zig-zagged edges, some have a V or M shape. They usually have a rust-colored stripe. Their belly is yellow, sometimes with black markings.

The timber rattlesnake is not present in Laurel Highlands or in the southeastern areas. It is therefore not common in the two largest cities, Philadelphia and Pittsburgh.

If bitten by a Timber Rattlesnake, seek immediate medical treatment.

3. Eastern Massasauga

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Scientific name: Sistrurus catenatus catenatus.

Common name:Eastern massasauga.

Length:60 – 75cm (24 – 30in).

Venomous: Yes.

Eastern Massasaugas can grow to 30 inches (75cm) and have tan or gray bodies with a row of black to brown colored blotches or spots, which run down the center of their backs with three small rows of alternating spots down their sides.

There have been solid black specimens encountered, along with those where the black patches join on the sides. Juveniles are lighter in color.

Their venom destroys the tissue and medical treatment should be secured if you are bitten by one of these snakes.

This snake can be encountered in Allegheny, Beaver, Butler, Crawford, Lawrence, Mercer, and Venango counties.

This species has rapidly declined, mostly due to habitat loss

4. Eastern Worm snake

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Scientific name:Carphophis amoenus.

Common name:Eastern worm snake.

Length: up to 11 in (28 cm)

Venomous: No.

Eastern worm snakes are small snakes growing to 11 inches (28cm) in length. They have smooth and glossy scales. They can be dark brown to tan and without patterns.

There is a pink ventral pigmentation, which spreads onto the dorsal first and second scale rows.

They have small heads that are the same thickness as the neck.

These small and harmless snakes can be found in the pine woods, hardwood forests, wooded areas, and old fields in southeastern Pennsylvania, where they are usually encountered not far from wetland borders and streams.

Further Reading:

  • 14 snakes that look like worms.

5. Kirtland’s Snake

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Scientific name:Clonophis kirtlandii.

Common name:Kirtland’s snake.

Length:18 in (46 cm).

Venomous: No.

Kirtland snakes are slim and small, growing to 18 inches (46cm) in length.

They are gray to brown with black dots on their backs with alternating smaller dots down the sides. They have brick red ventral scales with a black spot on the outer end.

They prefer forests, wetlands, and grasslands. They are never far from a water source.

If encountered, they will flatten their body and become rigid. They can curl up into the smallest disc to hide from threats. There is no record of bites from this snake. They prefer hiding and fleeing from potential threats.

Found in western Pennsylvania, they are listed as an endangered species.

6. Northern Black Racer

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Scientific name: Coluber constrictor constrictor.

Common name:northern black racer.

Venomous: No.

Northern black racers are exceptionally fast-moving snakes that prefer shrubland and grassy habitats.

These snakes are blue-black to black in color with a pale belly. They can grow up to five feet in length.

They are harmless to humans.

They are very active during the day.

This species is considered species of greatest conservation need.

They are often encountered in meadows, old fields, farmland, open woodlands, rock formations, and under logs, boards, and debris. You can encounter Northern black racers throughout Pennsylvania.

7. Northern Ring-necked Snake

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Scientific name:Diadophis punctatus edwardsii.

Common name:Northern ringneck snake.

Length:24 in (61 cm).

Venomous: No.

Northern ring-necked snakes can grow up to 61cm in length are black to blue-gray in color with a narrow orange or yellow ring around their necks. Their belly matches the ring without any patterns.

These are nocturnal snakes, hiding during the day under logs, leaf litter, and rocks. They are seldom observed. They prefer moist wooded areas, but they are known to live on the edge of wetlands and mountains, and hilly areas.

When encountered, it is normally in a humid and moist basement.

The northern ringneck snake is common in Western Pennsylvania.

8. Eastern Hog-nosed Snake

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Scientific name:Heterodon platirhinos.

Common name:eastern hognose snake, spreading adder, deaf adder.

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Length: around 28 in (71 cm)

Venomous: No.

Eastern hog-nosed snakes can grow up to 28 inches (71cm) with females being larger than the male.

What helps identify this snake is it has an upturned nose, which helps it dig in the soil and sandy.

They vary in color from orange and red to grays, blacks, browns, and greens. Some are a combination of colors. They can have patches, checks, or be completely patternless. Their belly is gray, cream, or yellow. The underside of the tail is usually lighter in color than the belly.

This snake is considered harmless to humans, but some people experience an allergic reaction to the bite, which can result in localized swelling. No human deaths have been recorded from a bite from the Eastern hog-nosed snake.

When they feel threatened, they mimic a cobra by flattening their necks and raising their heads. They hiss and strike, though they seldom try to bite. It may also roll over and play dead, giving off an awful smell to deter predators.

9. Eastern Milksnake

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Scientific name:Lampropeltis triangulum triangulum.

Common name:Eastern milk snake.

Length:52 in (132 cm).

Venomous: No.

Eastern milksnakes can grow to 52 inches (132cm) in length with smooth and shiny scales. They are brown with black edges, some have red to red/brown coloration. Their pattern has three to five black-bordered patches, which run down the length of their bodies. The body is tan or gray. Their belly is a black and white checkered pattern.

These harmless and docile snakes are popular as pets and are often bred in captivity for the pet trade.

They rarely try to bite and can be found throughout Pennsylvania.

10. Northern Watersnake

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Scientific name: Nerodia sipedon sipedon.

Common name:banded water snake, black water adder, black water snake, brown water snake, common water snake, common northern water snake, eastern water snake, North American water snake, northern banded water snake, northern water snake, spotted water snake, streaked snake, water pilot.

Length:24 – 55 in (61 – 140 cm)

Venomous: No.

Northern watersnakes can grow to 55 inches (1140 cm) and can range from red to gray, brown, or a brown/black color. They have dark crossbands on their necks with dark patches over the rest of the body. They darken with age, making their pattern hard to see, some have been described as completely black.

Their belly can range in color from gray to white or yellow with black or red crescents.

They are completely harmless to humans and are nonvenomous. They are often killed because they are confused with the venomous cottonmouth. The watersnake is longer with a flatter head, the head is the same width as the neck.

They are very active during the day and can be seen basking in the sun on rocks and logs on the water’s edge. They will fleet, diving into the water, at the slightest disturbance.

This is the most common watersnake in Pennsylvania.

11. Northern Rough Greensnake

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Scientific name:Opheodrys aestivus.

Common name: (Northern) rough greensnake, grass snake, green grass snake.

Length: 116 cm.

Venomous: No.

Northern rough greensnakes are bright green snakes with a yellow belly. This helps them hide in the green vegetation, making them hard to see.

They grow to 116cm in length and are slim snakes.

They prefer woodlands and moist meadows and are usually found near a permanent water source. They are excellent swimmers, though they do climb low vegetation.

They are most common in the southern most portions of Pennsylvania where they can be encountered in moist habitats, lakes and river borders, meadows, and woodlands.

12. Smooth Greensnake

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Scientific name:Opheodrys vernalis.

Common name:smooth green snake, grass snake.

Length:14 – 20 in (36 – 51cm)

Venomous: No.

Smooth greensnakes are slender snakes that can grow to 20 inches (51cm). They are a light green color with a white or yellow belly. Their scales are smooth. Younger snakes are olive green or even brown until their first shed. They have a red tongue with a black tip which they use to smell their surroundings.

They can be encountered throughout Pennsylvania, often found in marshes, meadows, stream edges, open woods, and areas with an abundance of shrubs.

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13. Eastern Ratsnake

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Scientific name:Pantherophis alleghaniensis.

Common name:eastern ratsnake.

Length:36 – 72 in (90 – 180 cm)

Venomous: No.

Eastern rat snakes grow to 72 inches (180cm) in length and are shiny black with a white or cream-colored throat and chin. These snakes have a black and white checkered pattern on their belly which changes to a gray closer to the tail. Younger snakes have dark patches on a gray color.

These snakes are considered harmless and are commonly found in Eastern Pennsylvania, where they live in farmlands, forests, fields, and thickets, as well as urban areas, such as back yards.

They are excellent climbers, which helps them get into homes undetected, where they move into attics.

14. Queensnake

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Scientific name:Regina septemvittata.

Common name:queen snake.

Length: up to 24 in (61 cm).

Venomous: No.

Queen snakes can vary from dark brown or gray to olive in color with yellow to peach stripes down the length of the first row of scales. There are four dark ventral stripes. Their belly is yellow to cream in color. These snakes have narrow heads with plate-like scales on their heads.

They are not big snakes and can grow up to 24 inches (61cm).

They have specific habitat requirements and will not be found near clean running waters. Their diet is freshwater crayfish.

The queen snake can be encountered in the western third of Pennsylvania, between the northern and southern borders.

15. Northern Brownsnake

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Scientific name:Storeria dekayi dekayi.

Common name:Northern brownsnake.


Venomous: No.

Northern brownsnakes can grow to 49cm in length and are brown to gray in color. These harmless snakes have a light central stripe with black spots. They are light brown or even pink with black dots on the scales on the ventral side.

These snakes can be encountered throughout Pennsylvania, usually in grasslands, vacant lots, and forests.

16. Northern Red-bellied Snake

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Scientific name:Storeria occipitomaculata.

Common name:Northernred-bellied snake.

Length:4 – 12 in (10 – 31 cm)

Venomous: No.

Northern red-bellied snakes can be tan/brown, olive/brown, gray/brown, black, gray, or chestnut brown with three yellow spots just below the head shield. They are red brick or coral in color on their belly. Some have three black dots on their heads.

They grow to around 12 inches (31cm) where they live in gardens, forests, wetlands, and flowerbeds. They hide under logs and rocks and are common in Northwestern Pennsylvania.

17. Short-headed Gartersnake

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Scientific name:Thamnophis brachystoma.

Common name:short-headed gartersnake.

Venomous: No.

The short-headed gartersnake is a small snake that grows to 22 inches (55cm). These snakes are olive green or olive with three yellow to beige stripes down their body.

These snakes can be encountered in Northern Pennsylvania where they are common in meadows and old fields. They are sometimes seen in wooded areas.

18. Ribbon Snake

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Scientific name:Thamnophis saurita.

Common name:ribbon snake.

Length:16 – 35 in (41 – 89 cm).

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Venomous: No.

The ribbon snake is a species of garter snake and is not venomous.

They grow to 35 inches (89cm) in length are dark brown with yellow stripes.

The ribbon snake is common throughout Pennsylvania. They prefer wet climates such as lakes, marshes, streams, creeks, and wet woodlands.

They swim to catch their prey and will usually swim away if encountered.

19. Eastern Gartersnake

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Scientific name:Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis.

Common name:Eastern garter snake.

Length:up to 49 in (124 cm)

Venomous: No.

Eastern gartersnakes grow to 26 inches (66cm) in length. They can range from black to brown or gray with a white or yellow stripe.

They live in a host of different habitats, though they prefer shrubby and grassy areas. They are often encountered in trash dumps, outbuildings, and farmland. They are also known to live near lakes, streams, bogs, and ponds, along with urban areas such as cemeteries and gardens.

They can be encountered throughout Pennsylvania.

20. Mountain Earthsnake

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Scientific name: Virginia pulchra.

Common name:mountain earthsnake.

Length:13 in.

Venomous: No.

Mountain earthsnakes are small snakes that grow to 13 inches.

These non-venomous snakes are gray or brown with a pattern of black flecks. Their chins and belly are cream with the females being larger than the males.

They are seldom encountered as they prefer living underground.

They can vary in color from red-brown to brown or gray and they may have two rows of black dots that run the length of the body.

These snakes are common in Northwestern Pennsylvania.

21. Eastern Smooth Earthsnake

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Scientific name:Virginia valeriae valeriae .

Common name:eastern smooth earth snake.

Length:7 – 10 in (18 – 25 cm)

Venomous: No.

Eastern smooth earthsnakes are brown to gray in color with dark spots on their head plate. They have a small black ring around their eyes and the ventral surface of their head is white. Some have a faint light line, some have back spots on their back and sides.

These snakes can grow to 9.8 inches (25cm) in length.

They prefer spending their time buried under leaf litter or soil.

What To Do When You See A Snake

Whether you see a snake in the yard or in nature, the best course of action is to leave it alone. Most snakes will try and flee rather than be aggressive. Rather stand still or back away slowly to give the snake time to move on.

If you encounter a snake within the home, remove the people and pets from the room and close the door, covering the gap with a towel. It is recommended to a professional snake catcher to help remove the snake safety.

How To Prevent Snakes

The good news is that there are a few things you can do in your home and yard to prevent snakes, especially if you live in an area where visiting snakes is common.

Prevent Snakes in the Yard

There are a few things you can do to prevent snakes in your yard. These include:

  • Remove rock and debris piles
  • Keep the grass short
  • Avoid overwintering which will attract birds, rodents, and things that snakes like to eat
  • Don’t overdo the mulch
  • Move your firewood away from the home

Prevent Snakes in the Home

You can also prevent snakes from entering the home, by trying the following:

  • Seal foundation and concrete porch cracks
  • Eliminate rodents
  • Install a mesh fence that is buried at least two to four inches under the soil surface
  • Remove any birdhouses
  • Attach aluminum flashing to the bottom of your existing fence
  • Use screens on windows and doors
  • Use galvanized screening on vents and drains

How to Deter Snakes Already in the Home

If you have a snake or snakes that have already been taken to your home, then you can try:

  • Sprinkle cinnamon, clove, or eugenol essential oils around the home, focusing on entryways
  • Try using vinegar solutions, which repels snakes
  • Plant garlic, lemon grass, and marigold plants around the home.


Not all snakes are bad, some do a lot for your yard and surrounding areas, by eliminating rodents and pests.

It is important to learn how to identify the three venomous snakes in Pennsylvania, so if you are bitten you can advise the medical team right away.

Preventing snakes in the home and yard is the best way to reduce the risk of having to encounter snakes on a regular basis.

Further Reading:

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  • Common spiders in Pennsylvania.


How many different kinds of snakes are in Pennsylvania? ›

Twenty-one species of snakes are considered to be native to Pennsylvania.

What is the most venomous snake in Pennsylvania? ›

The three species of venomous snakes in Pennsylvania are the timber rattlesnake, eastern massasauga and copperhead. Reports of venomous snakebites are rare in Pennsylvania. All three species are usually not aggressive and like to avoid humans by moving away or keeping still until the person is gone.

What does a rat snake look like in Pennsylvania? ›

The upper body is black to dull brown with a trace of black blotches. In some individuals the pattern is distinct and often times may appear to be outlined in red or golden color. The coloration and pattern of Adult rat snakes can be variable. The belly is white or yellowish white with a dark checkerboard pattern.

Can I upload a picture of a snake for identification? ›

Take a live photo or upload an existing photo of any snake and one of our fifteen team members will provide a fast & accurate response with your snake's identity, diet, and habitat. Accuracy, timely responses, education, and awareness are our top priorities!

Is there an app that can identify snakes? ›

Compton has developed an app called SnakeSnap. You can take a photo, send it through the app and get an answer to what type of snake and if the user is safe. "We've assembled a team of biologists, herpetologists, toxicologists, medical doctors.

What is the largest snake in Pennsylvania? ›

The black rat snake is the largest of Pennsylvania's snakes, sometimes measuring 6-8 feet with documentation of individuals stretching to more than 100 inches. Here two distinct species go by the generic title "black snake." The other's the black racer, the state's second biggest legless reptile.

What PA snake looks like a copperhead? ›

The two most common non-venomous snake species that are mistaken for the copperhead are the corn snake and the northern water snake.

What's a milk snake look like? ›

Although non-venomous, Louisiana milk snakes look like highly venomous coral snakes-they both have bands of black, red, and yellow. They grow to a length of 16 to 24 inches (40 to 69 cm). Louisiana milk snakes have alternating bands, in order, of black-red-black-yellow-black.

Are there water moccasin snakes in Pennsylvania? ›

Water Moccasins or Cottonmouths are not native to PA. They are found primarily in the southern states. Their range only goes as far north as southern Virginia. There are only three venomous snakes native to PA; the Eastern Copperhead, Timber Rattlesnake, and Eastern Massasauga.

What snakes climb trees in Pennsylvania? ›

Although many snakes can climb trees, the rough green snake is the only snake in the United States that regularly lives in trees. In Pennsylvania, the black rat snake is often found climbing in trees and shrubs in search of bird nests.

What poisonous snakes are found in PA? ›

There are 21 species of snakes found in Pennsylvania and three of them — timber rattlesnakes, copperhead and the eastern massasauga — are venomous.

What does a water snake in Pennsylvania look like? ›

Pennsylvania Angler & Boater • July/August 2016

This mostly brown to reddish-colored snake, with large darker-colored banding, grows to approximately 3 feet long. Older snakes lose their banding and appear all brown or black. The Northern Water Snake is often confused with the Copperhead or Eastern Milksnake.

What do PA garter snakes look like? ›

Adults typically range from 18 to 26 inches in length. A slender snake with a long tail! Coloration is brown to nearly black with three bright yellow to cream stripes; one down the back and one down each side. Snout and entire head are brownish, lips and underneath head are white.

How can you tell a rat snake from a Copperhead? ›

Rat Snake vs Copperhead: Shape & Eyes

Copperheads have large, triangular shaped heads and stocky bodies with thin tails. Their eyes also have vertical pupils which are like thin slits. Rat snakes are not pit vipers so don't have pits. Instead, they have small turtle-shaped heads and round pupils.

Who can I ask to identify a snake? ›

If you are concerned about a snake on your property would like advice or to have it removed, you can contact your nearest licensed snake catcher on the reptile handler list or a licensed animal rehabilitation group.

Is snake snap free? ›

We are so. excited to be part of this. It's a free.

Is it legal to mail a snake? ›

USPS places snakes in their list of “Nonmailable Live Animals,” and you simply cannot ship them. USPS also prohibits the shipment of turtles and other poisonous reptiles.

What does a rat snake looks like? ›

The eastern ratsnake is a shiny black snake with weakly keeled scales and an irregular black and white checkerboard pattern on the belly. The chin and throat are cream or white in color. Juveniles look very different. They have strongly patterned backs of gray and brown blotches on pale gray.

How can I tell if my yard has snakes? ›

Instead, use a bright flashlight to help you visually inspect the following areas: Rock piles, stacked firewood, piles of yard debris, dense brush, tall grasses, deep cracks in sidewalks or driveways, under storage buildings or sheds, and in or under shrubs or bushes that haven't been trimmed If venomous snakes are a ...

Can cameras detect snakes? ›

Against the background of other objects, humans, animals, or cars have higher temperatures, and they show up more clearly on the device's screen. However, cold-blooded animals like snakes, for example, would be virtually impossible to detect with a thermal imager.

How big do rat snakes get in PA? ›

Often referred to as a “black rat snake,” this snake is the largest species of snake found in Pennsylvania. Adults can be 3½ feet to over 8 feet long. Adult eastern rat snakes are black or dull brown with dark blotches. The skin between its scales may be bluish white, yellow or orange.

What kind of snakes are in the water in Pennsylvania? ›

6 Types of Water snakes in Pennsylvania. There are six snakes that can be classified as at least aquatic or semi-aquatic in Pennsylvania which are the: Northern Water snake, Northern Rough Greensnake, Queensnake, Ribbonsnake, Northern Copperhead, and Kirtland's Snake.

What do water moccasin snakes look like? ›

They have thick, muscular bodies covered in keeled, or ridged, scales and blocky heads with large jowls. Their pupils are vertical, similar to cat pupils, and they have dark stripes next to each nostril. Their coloration varies from dark brown or black to olive, banded brown or yellow.

What kind of snake mimics a rattlesnake? ›

Bullsnakes can hiss in a manner almost identical to rattlers and from a distance don't look significantly different. "The pattern on the back of bullsnakes is similar to that of a rattlesnake, especially at the tail," said Lou Densmore, chairman of Texas Tech's biology department.

What does a corn snake look like? ›

Corn snakes, sometimes called red rat snakes, are slender, orange or brownish-yellow snakes with a pattern of large, red blotches outlined in black down their backs. Along their bellies are distinctive rows of alternating black and white marks, which resemble a checkerboard pattern.

What happens if a milk snake bites you? ›

The milk snake is still, after all, a snake. It is still naturally wired to bite anyone or anything that may threaten its safety. But the good news here is that a milk snake's bite should not worry you at all because this snake does not carry any venom.

Does Pennsylvania have milk snakes? ›

In Pennsylvania, at least, the Eastern Milksnake is the subject of more tales and is more often mistakenly identified than any other snake. It is among Pennsylvania's most beneficial snakes, but sadly, is also the most often killed in mistake for a Copperhead.

How can you tell a corn snake from a milk snake? ›

There isn't much of a size difference between the two snakes. Although the female and male milk snakes are sexually alike, that is to say; they have a similar length, color, and patterns. But the female corn snake is usually noticeably thicker (in width) than the male corn snake.

Do copperheads swim in the water? ›

But copperheads, like northern water snakes, swim and can be found near water across the region. So, if a snake is not easily identifiable as a non-venomous water snake, it is best to beware.

Are there Vipers in Pennsylvania? ›

Venomous snakes in PA

Pennsylvania has three species of venomous snakes: the copperhead, the timber rattlesnake and the eastern massasauga. Only the copperhead and the timber rattlesnake are found in the central Pennsylvania area.

What happens if you get bit by a water moccasin? ›

Their venom contains enzymes that cause local destruction of tissue through the metabolism of cellular membranes and causing an inflammatory response. Systemic effects and coagulopathy from cottonmouth envenomation are uncommon. The most common symptoms are pain, ecchymosis, and edema.

What trees do snakes hate? ›

Snake-repellent plants, such as marigolds, allium, lemongrass, mother-in-law's tongue, garlic, wormwood, pink agapanthus, snakeroots, basil and yellow alder will all keep snakes away naturally.

Which tree keeps snakes away? ›

Sarpagandha. Known by a variety of names, for example, Sarpagandha, Indian Snakeroot, and Insanity herb, this plant is known for its capacity to repel snakes.

What trees are snakes attracted to? ›

Growing fruit or citrus trees near your home could attract snakes to your home. Whether it's an endless supply of apples or neverending oranges for your morning juice, planting fruit trees in your yard can be as visually appealing as it is delicious to enjoy.

How can you tell if the snake is poisonous? ›

One way to determine if a snake is venomous is to look at its underbelly. If there is a single row of scales leading to the anal plate, the snake is venomous.

What does an Eastern Massasauga look like? ›

Adult massasaugas are gray or light brown with large, light-edged chocolate brown blotches on the back and smaller blotches on the sides. The snake's belly is marbled dark gray or black and there is a narrow, white stripe on its head.

Are Eastern milk snakes poisonous? ›

Brightly colored and strikingly patterned, milk snakes are nonvenomous New World snakes with a wide range throughout North and South America. They are often confused with dangerous copperheads or coral snakes; however, milk snakes pose no threat to humans. In fact, they are popular pets easily bred in captivity.

What does a Pennsylvania rattlesnake look like? ›

Description: Large-sized, heavy bodied species. There are 2 distinct patterns in PA: Yellow Phase (light) and Black Phase (dark). The background is yellowish brown to dark brown with a bold pattern of dark brown, grey to black Chevron like “V" shaped body bands and blotches.

What does a king snake look like? ›

Kingsnakes have smooth dorsal scales and a shiny appearance. The typical Eastern kingsnake is black-bodied with thin yellow to pale bands all the way down its body, forming a chainlike pattern. There can be a variance to the pattern in the width of the bands as well as the color, sometimes almost white.

What snake is gray with black diamonds? ›

Mojave Rattlesnake

From the faded gray color with dark gray diamond blotches to the brown morph with dark brown diamond blotches, the snake comes in a patterned appearance. What is this? Mojave Rattlesnakes are seen as the most venomous rattlesnakes in the world.

What does a ribbon snake look like? ›

The ribbonsnake is boldly patterned with three yellow stripes on a reddish-brown to black background. A distinct dark band separates each side stripe from the belly. One stripe is centered on the body, while the other 2 stripes run down scale rows 3 and 4.

What is the difference between a garden snake and a garter snake? ›

There is no difference between a garter snake and a garden snake. Both names refer to the same species, the Thamnophis sirtalis, which is the most common non-venomous reptile in North America. While they vary in color, garter snakes are easily recognizable for 3 lines that run through their bodies.

Is there a poisonous snake that looks like a garter snake? ›

Ribbon snakes resemble the closely-related eastern garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis), however ribbon snakes are generally more slender, have unpatterned lip scales, and the lateral stripes are found on scale rows 3 and 4 (in garter snakes they are on rows 2 and 3). They have a plain yellowish belly, and keeled scales.

Is there a snake that will chase you? ›

Each just goes for the same path at the same time. As I said, however, this myth is partly true. Some species of snakes will actively “chase” human beings, such as the Central American bushmaster (Lachesis muta muta). An enormous and lethally venomous serpent, the bushmaster is well-known for this behavior.

What snake kills a copperhead? ›

King snakes

King snakes frequently eat Copperhead snakes. These are known to share the same habitat. However, large King snakes are likely to eat small Copperheads. It's estimated the King snake will eat around 40 species of snake and Copperheads are no exception.

Can you outrun a copperhead? ›

Snakes are venomous creatures but they only attack humans when they feel threatened. Snakes cannot run. Rather, they slither, and only up to a maximum of 18 miles per hour. So, humans can outrun them.

Who can I ask to identify a snake? ›

If you are concerned about a snake on your property would like advice or to have it removed, you can contact your nearest licensed snake catcher on the reptile handler list or a licensed animal rehabilitation group.

How can you tell poisonous snake? ›

When looking at a venomous snake, look for a big, broad head and elliptical pupils like a cat; most non-venomous snakes have round pupils. Also, keep in mind that most pit vipers have a hole on their face for heat sensing. The hole is located between the eye and nose. Another giveaway could be the snake's behavior.

How can you identify a non poisonous snake? ›

How to Identify the Non-Poisonous and Poisonous Snake?
  1. If the small scales are present on the belly and back, it is a non-poisonous snake.
  2. If the belly scales are not broad enough to extend right across it, it is a non-poisonous snake.

How can you tell a non poisonous snake? ›

Non poisonous snake:

Non Poisonous Snakes are not brightly coloured. Non Poisonous Snake head is usually narrow and elongated. Usually Nonvenomous snake do not have Fangs but few snakes do have Fangs.

Is there a snake that will chase you? ›

Each just goes for the same path at the same time. As I said, however, this myth is partly true. Some species of snakes will actively “chase” human beings, such as the Central American bushmaster (Lachesis muta muta). An enormous and lethally venomous serpent, the bushmaster is well-known for this behavior.

What time of day are snakes most active? ›

Snakes are at their most active when it's cool out. They move around most in the early morning and around dusk. Snakes hunt in tall grass, weeds, and other sources of vegetation. Around your home, they'll seek out shady or dark places where they can rest and cool down.

What does a rat snake looks like? ›

The eastern ratsnake is a shiny black snake with weakly keeled scales and an irregular black and white checkerboard pattern on the belly. The chin and throat are cream or white in color. Juveniles look very different. They have strongly patterned backs of gray and brown blotches on pale gray.

What attracts snakes to your house? ›

Snakes enter a building because they're lured in by dark, damp, cool areas or in search of small animals, like rats and mice, for food. Snakes can be discouraged from entering a home in several ways. Keeping the vegetation around the house cut short can make the home less attractive to small animals and snakes.

What color of snakes are poisonous? ›

Generally, the more colorful and patterned a snake is, the more dangerous it is. Most solid colored snakes are relatively harmless; though there are always exceptions to this rule. It can be very difficult to determine whether a snake is venomous without getting too close.

What is a good repellent for snakes? ›

Use natural repellents

Natural repellents including sulfur, clove and cinnamon oil, and vinegar may help repel snakes. Pour these substances around the perimeter of your property, any place you have noticed snake activity.

Which snake has born with no venom? ›

Indotyphlops braminus, commonly known as the brahminy blind snake and other names, is a non-venomous blind snake species found mostly in Africa and Asia, but has been introduced in many other parts of the world.

What do copperhead snakes look like? ›

Copperheads have muscular, thick bodies and keeled (ridged) scales. Their heads are "somewhat triangular/arrow-shaped and distinct from the neck," with a "somewhat distinct ridge separating [the] top of head from side snout between eye and nostril," said Beane.

Can a snake bite you without you noticing? ›

You may not always know you were bitten by a snake, especially if you were bitten in water or tall grass. Signs and symptoms of a snakebite may include the following: Two puncture marks at the wound.

Do poisonous snakes sink or float? ›

But sticking to the southeastern United States and focusing on the cottonmouth and its close relative the copperhead, “both of those species tend to float with full body on the surface”, Greene said, as do rattlesnakes.

Can a snake bite not be felt? ›

But not everyone feels pain. For example, a bite from a coral snake can be almost painless at first, but still deadly. Redness, swelling and tissue damage, or complete destruction, in the area of the bite. Abnormal blood clotting and bleeding.


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