Looking for some fun Canada facts? Then you’ve come to the right place, as we share some awesome facts about Canada.
We’ve fallen in love with the country and now call it home in the Canadian Rockies. After visiting 85 countries we’ve hardly seen a place more beautiful.
1.) Canada is a monarchy.
Yep, Canada has a Queen/King. It’s the same as the UK’s – Queen Elizabeth II (now King Charles III). That’s because Canada is a member of the British Commonwealth, having formerly been a colony of the British Empire.
Though it became self-governing in 1867, there was a way to go before Canada actually became independent.
2.) There are two official languages in Canada.
Britain wasn’t the only power-hungry colonial power at the time of Canada’s pioneering days. There was also France, who once owned much of North America for a while.
That didn’t last, but what did last was the culture and the language of France. Today, English and French are the most widely spoken languages in Canada.
3.) Canada is the world’s second largest country.
This is one of those super important Canada facts to know! You may have been thinking of China, or maybe the USA, but no – it’s Canada. How big are we talking? 9.98 million square miles. Of course, just in case you were wondering, Russia is the biggest.
4.) Canada has the longest coastline in the world.
There are so many reasons to visit Canada, and this is one of them! Have you seen a map of Canada? All those islands and jagged, irregular lines that mark where the land ends? There’s a lot of that kind of thing going on. It all adds up to the longest coastline in the world at over 125,500 miles. This one is another one of my favorite Canada facts!
5.) Canada also has the longest international border.
This giant country’s only land neighbor is the United States, and since they’re both pretty big, you can expect that border to be big, too. It’s the longest border between two countries (well, the southern border) at a very long 5,525 miles.
6.) The word Canada is derived from an indigenous word.
And that word is kanata, which means “settlement” or “village” in the language of the St. Lawrence Iroquoians. Sadly, these indigenous people disappeared in the 16th century, during wars with the Mohawk who wanted a monopoly on trade with Europeans at the time.
7.) The French and British weren’t the first Europeans to colonize Canada.
It was the Vikings. Namely, it was Leif Erikson who led the expedition in around 1000 AD; he was the grandson of a Norwegian Viking who was exiled to Iceland for “some killings.”
The Viking settlement was in Newfoundland, known to them as Vinland (named for its vines that enabled them to produce great wine, apparently). It only lasted a few years, but it made an impact in the Icelandic Sagas – and on the native Inuit population at the time.
8.) The next person to claim Canada was an Italian working for the English.
Commissioned by King Henry VII of England, Venetian explorer John Cabot (Giovanni Cabotto or Zuan Chabotto) explored the Atlantic Coast of Canada in 1497. He claimed it for England.
His son, Sebastian, continued exploring North America but returned to England only to find a new king – Henry VIII. He wasn’t interested in exploration at all.
9.) There was a war in Canada called the “Beaver Wars.”
No, really, there was. But despite the name, it was a pretty brutal conflict and is considered one of the most bloody in North American history. Basically, in the 17th century, the Iroquians wanted to dominate the fur trade in the region and enlisted the help of England. Rival nations sought the help of France. The result? Bloodshed that ended in a stalemate.
10.) Canada’s national animal is actually a beaver.
It played a pretty crucial role in the history of Canada, what with all the fur trappers, traders, and battles over who would be the fur king of the region. Then there are the poor beavers themselves, almost hunted to extinction! Well, at least they became the national animal of Canada in 1975. They’re on the Canadian nickel, too.
11.) There are a lot of famous Canadians Living in the US.
Seth Rogan, Mike Myers, Justin Bieber, Michael Buble, Alanis Morisette, Keanu Reeves, Jim Carey, Celine Dion, Neil Young, Drake… The list could go on. Basically, there are a lot of people from Canada who influence popular culture as we know it!
12.) The coldest ever recorded temperature in Canada is -63°C.
A cold and interesting fun Canada fact. If you thought winter was cold where you’re from, Canada is colder. And yes, that really is the coldest temperature to have ever been recorded in Canada.
That was in Snag, Yukon and yes: it was -63°C (-81.4°F). The coldest average temperature in Canada is in Eureka, Nunavut, where it’s -19.7 °C (-3.5 °F) on average, all year. Wow.
13.) Quebec is the only walled city in North America.
A little known fact about Canada is that it boasts the continent’s only walled city – north of Mexico, that is. But yes; Quebec’s city walls were built in the 17th century. Then when British forces captured the city, they made the walls even better. They’re pretty well preserved and today are a UNESCO World Heritage site.
14.) Loonies and Toonies
One of the most fun facts about Canada is this one! First off, there’s the “loonie,” which is a $1CAD coin. We get this one, because on one side of the coin there’s a depiction of a loon – that’s a duck-type thing (a waterfowl, if you want to be picky). Then there’s the “toonie,” which we get less. It’s a two-dollar coin, so we guess it’s “toonie” like “two-nie.” A pun of the highest degree.
15.) Canada has a different Thanksgiving to the United States.
That’s right; not all Thanksgivings are the same. Instead of sometime in late November, like in America, Canada celebrates Thanksgiving in the middle of October. They also eat different dishes in Canada compared to the USA.
16.) Canada has one of the highest immigration rates in the world.
Another one of those super proud Canada facts. This is to reunify families, to help support the economy, drive population growth – that sort of thing. Between 1990 and 2008, the population of Canada grew by over 5,000,000. A little known fact about Canada is that annually, it becomes home to around a tenth of the world’s resettled refugees.
17.) There’s more to language in Canada than English and French
With all that immigration, there’s a whole selection of other languages being spoken in Canada. There are well over 1.2 million speakers of Chinese languages, Punjabi-speakers number around 500,000 people, then German, Italian, Tagalog, Spanish, and Arabic all have hundreds of thousands of speakers.
Then there are also 11 different indigenous language groups, which can break down further into 65 actual languages – for example, Inuktitut.
18.) The Northwest Territories recognizes 11 official languages
It might just be the only political subdivision in the world to recognize so many official languages. We’re going to list them here for your curiosity: Gwich’in, Chipewyan/Dené, Inuinnaqtun, Tłįchǫ Inuktitut, Cree, North Slavey, South Slavey, Inuvialuktun, English, and French.
19.) Minus its lakes, Canada would only be the fourth-largest country in the world
It’s a pretty simple fact about Canada that lakes make up a lot of this country. It’s actually home to the highest proportion of fresh water in the world. Let’s not forget that vast portions of the Great Lakes (Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario) are located in Canada as well and Alberta has tons of beautiful lakes.
20.) Canadians love mac and cheese.
One of my favorite Canada facts is that many Canadians love mac and cheese. Or, as they call it, Kraft Dinner. That’s because of the brand, you know, in the box and all. Around seven million of these boxes are sold worldwide each year, and Canada buys a big chunk of them; that’ll be around 1.7 million boxes of Kraft Dinner.
You would’ve thought Americans eat more of it, but Canadian’s eat approximately 55% more mac and cheese than their neighbors to the south do.
21.) Lacrosse is the national sport of Canada.
With its pretty French-sounding name, you might be forgiven for thinking this stick-and-basket sport came across the Pond to Canada from Europe. Lacrosse was actually first played by First Nations people in the 1600s, first picked up by Canada’s Anglophone middle classes in the 19th century, was official – by an act of parliament in 1994 – declared to be the national sport of Canada. For summer, anyway; ice hockey was deemed the official winter sport.
22.) Canada only officially became independent from Britain in 1982.
Not many people know this fact about Canada, but it was actually still legally dependent on the UK until 1982. Part of this meant that the British Parliament could vote to amend Canada’s constitution – if they wanted to, anyway. The Canadian Parliament requested in 1982 that Canada be allowed to control its own destiny and voila – full autonomy of Canada.
23.) Canada Day celebrates semi-independence from Britain in 1867.
Back then, the British North America Act of 1867 made Canada a “federal dominion” with more autonomy than it had previously enjoyed. Good news for Canada. Today, Canada Day commemorates this move towards freedom with much merriment – drinking, eating, partying, parades, fireworks, and wearing red and white, of course.
24.) One of the longest highways in the world is in Canada.
Traveling all the way from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, the Trans-Canada Highway is most definitely one of the world’s longest highways. At 4,860 miles long, there’s a lot of scope for road trips along this epic highway. To give it a number, it’s actually the fourth-longest in the world.
25.) The maple leaf has been a symbol of Canada for a long time
That’s right listen up as this is one of my favorite Canada facts. The use of the maple leaf as a symbol of Canada actually dates back to the 18th century. In fact, it was originally a symbol used by French Canadians.
The first mayor of Montreal said of the maple leaf in 1834, “It was the king of our forests, the symbol of the Canadian people.” To blow your minds even more, different colored leaves represented different parts of Canada: Ontario = gold; Quebec = green. It also used to appear on the coins. Now it’s on the Canadian flag.
26.) Toronto has the world’s biggest underground shopping complex
You were thinking Japan, right? Maybe China. But actually, it’s Toronto, Canada, where you will find this feat of engineering. Connecting metro stops and a bunch of office buildings, it’s called PATH and it comprises four million square feet of retail space. That’s wild. It’s a series of tunnels, elevated walkways, and other fancy sidewalks, with the aim of keeping people out of the cold.
27.) Canada has some super grand hotels
There’s a style of architecture called “chateauesque”; it’s based on French Renaissance architecture. A lot of buildings in Canada utilize this style, mainly the epic “grand railway hotels” that were built by railway companies when train travel became a thing in the 20th century. Banff Springs… the Royal York, Toronto… Hotel Vancouver. These hotels are all insanely beautiful!
28.) You’ll find the world’s oldest pool of water in a Canadian mine.
Say what now? Yes. The oldest pool of water. In the world. It’s located around two miles underground in a mine in Timmins, Ontario. The pool bubbles up with mineral-rich water innocently enough, but scientists in 2016 discovered that it’s actually two billion years old. That’s too old to even think about.
29.) Winnie-the-Pooh was named after a bear from Canada.
And it wasn’t Pooh creator A. A. Milne who came up with the name, either – it was his son, Christopher (yep, guess who Christopher Robin is based on). Christopher had seen a black bear called Winnie, after Winnipeg, at the London Zoo and named his own bear after it.
Milne named Pooh after his son’s bear. Case closed. Incidentally, the actual, living black bear was purchased (as a cub obviously) for $20 in Canada by a soldier returning to England after WWI.
30.) The most powerful part of Niagara Falls is in Canada.
Though you can see Niagara Falls from both parts of the border, the Horseshoe Falls – which is the most powerful falls – is in the Canadian section. Approximately 90% of the water that flows over the falls from the Niagara River crashes down the Horseshoe Falls; the US side comprises the American Falls and Bridal Veil Falls, where the other 10% flows.
Hopefully, this informed you of some fun Canada facts!
If you have any other questions leave a comment or see our Canadian Rockies travel guide for more articles about photography spots, lakes, hikes, and everything else.
Read More About Some of Our Favorite Places in Canada
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What are 3 weird but true facts about Canada? ›
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French people stick to the usual “bonjour”. That said, if you're wondering how to say hello in French Canadian then look no further. In Canada, particularly in Quebec, we can say “bon matin”. As far as afternoons are concerned, there's no other special way to say hello during the day until the evening.What are 3 important things to know about Canada? ›
- 1.) Canada is a monarchy. ...
- 2.) There are two official languages in Canada. ...
- 4.) Canada has the longest coastline in the world. ...
- 5.) Canada also has the longest international border. ...
- 6.) The word Canada is derived from an indigenous word. ...
- 9.) ...
- 10.) ...
Canada is famous for the gorgeous scenery and uninhabited land. The views of the untouched and natural environment are breathtaking and composed of beautiful lakes and rivers. There are three oceans, mountains, plains, and some of the most attractive cities in the world, like Toronto.What is the weirdest thing in Canada? ›
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It is quite easier to accept that Canada hasn't lost a war, or is it? While its militia played a small role in the War of 1812 against the United States, which ended in a draw, Canada didn't actually send its military overseas in a fully-fledged conflict until 1899 during the Second Anglo-Boer War.What is the oldest city in Canada? ›
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Canadian maple whisky, fresh ginger and a touch of raspberry liqueur make for a well-balanced libation that's sure to be a hit among fans of both sweet and savoury drinks. If you have any whisky left over, it's delicious on its own over ice.How do Canadians say sorry? ›
In other words, where many US speakers will pronounce "sorry" like "sari", (i.e. in the lot Lexical Set), Canadians make the first syllable like "sore." In fact, when Canadian actors learn that US speakers say "sorry/sari" in the same manner, they often remark "where's the pain in that?" For us, "sorry," the word many ...How do Canadians say goodbye? ›
Good-bye – Au revoir. ..... which actually means 'see you again'.What words describe Canada? ›
I think the words I would choose to describe Canada align well with our country's culinary spirit: beautiful, multicultural, adventuresome, peaceful and inclusive.What does EH mean in Canada? ›
Canadian eh is a word that is usually added to the end of declarative sentences, as in the following: 1) You have a new dog, eh? (Wiltschko and Heim 2016:306) Eh is similar to standard English don't you and right, which can be used in many of the same contexts (Wiltschko and Heim 2016):How old is Canada this year 2022? ›
Quick facts. July 1, 2022, marks the 155th anniversary of Confederation.What is Canada's nickname? ›
There are many stereotypes about Canada and Canadians that other nationalities get wrong. But when the country received the nickname of the Great White North, people were telling the truth. Here's why Canada is sometimes referred to as the Great White North.
What does Canada stand for? ›
The name “Canada” likely comes from the Huron-Iroquois word “kanata,” meaning “village” or “settlement.” In 1535, two Aboriginal youths told French explorer Jacques Cartier about the route to kanata; they were actually referring to the village of Stadacona, the site of the present-day City of Québec.What's a cool random fact? ›
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Why do Canadians say 'eh'? - YouTubeWhat is something only Canadians know? ›
- Zellers. Once upon a time there was Zellers. ...
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That's right: Canada actually has less gravity than it's supposed to. The reasons for the shortage have puzzled scientists for decades. Gravity isn't uniform all over the Earth's surface. It's a result of mass, which means the varying density of the Earth at different locations can affect how much you weigh there.How old is Canada? ›
Canada turned 153 years old in 2020.Is climbing a tree illegal in Canada? ›
8.3. "No person shall interfere with a tree or part of a tree located on municipal property, including but not limited to attaching, affixing or placing upon in any manner any object or thing to a tree or part of a tree, and climbing the tree."
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It is illegal to whistle in Petrolia, Ontario. Yes, you read that right! That doesn't mean you'll be chased by a SWAT team while whistling the tune of your favorite song walking down the street. However, there is an actual law written against it, Article 3, 772.3.Is it illegal to carry a knife in Canada? ›
Canada. There is no law banning the carrying in public knives with sheaths, knives that take both hands to open and any knife with a fixed blade and certain non-prohibited folding knives, assuming they are not carried for a purpose dangerous to public peace or for the purpose of committing a criminal offense.How old is Canada this year 2022? ›
Quick facts. July 1, 2022, marks the 155th anniversary of Confederation.What makes Canada so interesting? ›
Canada is famous for the gorgeous scenery and uninhabited land. The views of the untouched and natural environment are breathtaking and composed of beautiful lakes and rivers. There are three oceans, mountains, plains, and some of the most attractive cities in the world, like Toronto.What is Canada's nickname? ›
There are many stereotypes about Canada and Canadians that other nationalities get wrong. But when the country received the nickname of the Great White North, people were telling the truth. Here's why Canada is sometimes referred to as the Great White North.What was Canada called before Canada? ›
Prior to 1870, it was known as the North-Western Territory. The name has always been a description of the location of the territory.How many years Canada exist? ›
In 2017, Canada celebrated 150 years since its Confederation.Who discovered Canada? ›
Exploring a River, Naming Canada
Between 1534 and 1542, Jacques Cartier made three voyages across the Atlantic, claiming the land for King Francis I of France. Cartier heard two captured guides speak the Iroquoian word kanata, meaning “village.” By the 1550s, the name of Canada began appearing on maps.
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About 75% of your brain is made of water. Your heart beats about 115,000 times a day. Jupiter is the fastest spinning planet in the solar system. The nearest star to Earth is 4.2 light-years away.
What is an unusual fact? ›
A human could swim through a blue whale's veins. The blue whale is the largest living creature—it's even larger than most dinosaurs. The biggest blue whales can be over 100 feet in length and weigh more than 100 tons. Their hearts alone can weigh 1,300 pounds, and are the size of a small car.What is Canada famous for kids? ›
Famous for amazing natural landscapes, the national sport of ice hockey and making delicious maple syrup, Canada has blended the culture of the Inuit and First Nations people with the descendants of the English and French settlers. The country has two official languages, English and French.What words describe Canada? ›
I think the words I would choose to describe Canada align well with our country's culinary spirit: beautiful, multicultural, adventuresome, peaceful and inclusive.