Ah, the utterly delectable, perfect peach. No other fruit can compare with that sweet, sticky, chin-dripping deliciousness. With over 300 varieties in the U.S. and 2000 worldwide, recipe possibilities are endless, but it's difficult to know where to start.
Each peach variety has their own unique flavor. Tart peaches are ideal for baking and sorbets, while sweeter peaches shine in a cocktail or on their own. So, which type of peach tastes the best? Read on! We’ve compiled everything you need to know about the different types of peaches and which varieties will leave your family craving more.
1. PICK YOUR PEACH TYPE BY THE PITS
Most people never think about the pit in the center of their peach, but to categorize peaches and determine just how messy your kitchen ends up – start there. Peaches are a stone fruit (or drupe) and, just like cherries, apricots, and plums, they store seeds in their pit. How well a peach’s flesh adheres to this inner “stone” tells us which of the first of three categories it belongs: Freestone, Clingstone or Semi-Freestone.
Cut a freestone in half and the peach's flesh easily falls away from the pit, especially when the fruit is ripe. Freestones are a breeze to prepare and remain the preferred choice for quick meals low-prep preserving. A freestone peach is larger and typically not as juicy as their clingstone cousins, but, don’t worry, you’ll still need a handful of napkins. They’re sweet, but not too sweet for baking, easy to slice, and can be eaten just like an apple in the palm of your hand. Depending on the variety, freestones are available in yellow or white flesh, and are the type most often stocked in supermarkets.
Harvest time:late June through August
Best for:eating fresh, canning, freezing, and baking
Popular varieties:Early Amber, Golden Jubilee, Lucky 13, Nectar, September Snow, July Prince
True to their namesake, a clingstone's flesh hugs the inner stone and does not easily peel away. Go ahead and grab a knife though, because the extra work is worth it! Clingstones are the first peaches to be harvested each season. The yellow and bright red flesh surrounding the pit is sweeter, juicier, and softer than freestones, making them an excellent candidate for jams. They are also fantastic when eaten fresh and blended into beverages. Clingstone varieties are primarily used in commercial canning where machines manage the task of peeling, slicing, and pitting. They are nearly impossible to find in stores, so check The Peach Truck and your local farmer’s markets early in the season.
Harvest time:Mid-May to Early June
Best for:eating fresh, baking, jams, jellies, and commercial purposes
Popular varieties:Flavorich, Rich Lady, June Prince, Red Beauty
The semi-free (also known as semi-clingstone or semi-cling) is a hybrid that gives you the best of both peach worlds. This variety is nearly as juicy and sweet as clingstones with flesh that’s much easier to remove from the pit. It's an all-around great peach for virtually any purpose. Many nectarines are semi-free peaches.
Harvest time:Mid- to late June
Best use:eating fresh, baking, cooking, canning, and preserving
Popular varieties:Babcock, Coronet, Dixie Red, Florida Prince, Gold Dust, Harvester
2. ONE PEACH TYPE THAT WILL MAKE YOU MELT
Peaches can also be differentiated by their texture. Sink your teeth into a peach’s rich and sweet body and you’ll be greeted with one of two flesh types: Melting or non-melting.
Melting flesh Peach Varieties
Melting peaches ripen quickly then tend to soften and fall apart over time. Their smooth, buttery texture makes them a melt-in-your-mouth star at farmers markets and in the kitchen. All peaches available from The Peach Truck are melting flesh varieties and utterly swoon-worthy.
Non-melting Flesh Peach Varieties
Non-melting peaches remain firm, never melting, even after ripening. This characteristic makes them a mainstay for commercial processing and canning. You’ll find them in your canned aisle of your grocery store, usually swimming in syrup.
3. CHOOSE YOUR PEACH COLOR VARIETY
The outer color of a peach ranges from the palest yellows to the deepest reds depending on the variety, but it’s the inside that counts. Peaches are available with either yellow flesh or white flesh.
Yellow Flesh Peaches
Grown in Europe and North America, yellow flesh peaches are bright yellow or orange; some varieties fade to a dark red around the pit. Their content is slightly more acidic than white flesh peaches, which adds a tangy sweetness to their flavor profile. Yellow flesh peaches are a quintessential classic in the Southern U.S. and sell out every season at The Peach Truck.
Harvest Time:Mid-to-late Summer
Best for:Stealing the spotlight, eating fresh, tangy desserts, meat & cheese pairings, dressings, baking
Popular varieties:Desert Goldstone, Elberta, Gala, Redgold
White Flesh Peaches
White peaches have white to light-yellow flesh with an occasional deep pink surrounding the pit. They are grown primarily in Asia, however, orchards in the U.S. have branched out in recent years. They have a higher sugar content than yellow flesh peaches and taste less tart. Avoid long bake times in the oven, as their delicate texture can wilt under heat.
Harvest Time:Early Summer
Best for:Adding sweetness, floral desserts, beverages, jams, syrups, grilling
Popular varieties:Snow Beauty, Polly, Arctic Supreme
SO, WHAT IS THE BEST TYPE OF PEACH?
That depends on how you’re serving these glorious bites of nature. Here’s our top picks:
Best Peach for Eating Whole:
Choose a classic yellow skin with red blush freestone variety. The Elberta is a dependable sweet, juicy choice that won't disappoint.
Harvest time:late July to early August
Runner’s up:Fiesta Gem is our most unique early season variety (think Late May/Early June. They taste like nature’s sweet tart, and they’re hard to beat.
The Sweetest Peach:
The darling little donut peach, also known as the Saturn peach, is often considered the sweetest peach variety. This heirloom variety looks like a typical peach — that's been smushed! They're soft and tender with less acidity than their yellow-skinned counterparts. Donut peaches are juicy, sweet novelties that are pricier than your everyday variety.
Harvest time:July and August
Popular varieties:BuenOs, Galaxy, Sweet Bagels, Sauzee Swirls, UFO, Flat Wonderfuls
Runner’s up:Red Haven, Red Globe, Polly, or an Elberta of course.
Best Peach Type for Picky Eaters:
The fuzz on the outer layer of the peach can be a challenge for kids and others sensitive to textures. Meet the naked nectarine! Nectarines are peaches, just without the fuzz thanks to a genetic mutation. It's the only difference. They can be freestone or clingstone, white flesh or yellow flesh, sweet or tart. And not to be outdone, nectarines also come in flat varieties.
Harvest time:Mid- to late summer
Popular varieties:Arctic Rose, Flaming Red, Diamond Ray, Fantasia, Karla Rose
Runner’s up:All of The Peach Truck’s peaches are scrubbed and cleaned so they’re almost completely fuzz free too!
Best Type of Peach for Baking:
Assuming you're a cook that likes to keep prep work to a minimum, the best type of peach for baking are freestone varieties. Having a pit that pops out cleanly makes for quick slicing and a nice presentation. Choose a yellow flesh variety like Cresthaven, Glohaven, or Red Haven for sweetness and resistance to browning.
Best Type of Peach for Canning:
Freestones, again, take the lead here, due to their incredible flavor, easy pit removal, and resistance to browning. Remember, the larger the peach and slices, the shorter your canning time! Choose unblemished peaches with slightly firm flesh. A light syrup with sugar will help preserve their color. Check out our easy canning instructions here.
THE BEST PLACES TO BUY PEACHES
I’ve had the privilege of working and talking with peach farmers across the country. The very best way to experience this amazing fruit is fresh. Peaches sold in grocery stores are often picked too early and ripen in distribution houses, and trust me, biting into a crummy peach after waitingall yearis such a letdown.
A rushed peach just can’t taste the same as the fruit that has been allowed to mature on the branch. Once May begins, start checking your farmers markets or look up local growers. Many will have opportunities to pick your own peaches from their orchards. Or, have the freshest of the fresh shipped straight to your door! We work directly with farmers to harvest peaches when they’ve reached their peak and ship to you within hours. Sign up for The Peach Truck emails and we’ll alert you when these amazing varieties are available.
All of our Tour and Home Delivery peaches are yellow peach varieties. We typically have a very limited supply of white peaches available in Nashville one day each summer.
Each box of Rolling Freestones® contains one half-bushel of peaches by volume. One half-bushel of peaches weighs approximately 25 pounds.
Fresh Peach Box (13 Peaches) - The Peach Truck - The Peach Truck.
If you've never heard of The Peach Truck, they are a Nashville-based company that partners with farms in Fort Valley, Georgia to sell Georgia peaches.
The mammoth, 800-pound Peach made its first New Year's Eve descent at Underground Atlanta, where the festivities rang in the new year for decades, sometimes luring more than 100,000 revelers.
The darling little donut peach, also known as the Saturn peach, is often considered the sweetest peach variety. This heirloom variety looks like a typical peach — that's been smushed! They're soft and tender with less acidity than their yellow-skinned counterparts.
Is The Peach Truck Worth it? In terms of the price, quality and experience we were very happy with The Peach Truck. I will consider ordering peaches from them again this year (if so this would be our third year) and did sign up for their email list to be the first to know when ordering is available.
US peaches wholesale price. In 2022, the approximate price range for US Peaches is between US$ 1.77 and US$ 1.83 per kilogram or between US$ 0.8 and US$ 0.83 per pound(lb). The price in Euro is EUR 1.77 per kg.
Box of Colorado Palisade Peaches – 20 lbs (approximately 38-40 peaches) - Source is the Golden Rotary.. so, maybe around 50 peaches?
In general, when your recipe calls for 1 pound of peaches, you can use: 3 to 4 medium peaches.
The Peach Truck pays an average hourly rate of $118 and hourly wages range from a low of $103 to a high of $136.
It's official. The world's heaviest peach, fittingly, was harvested in Peach County in July 2018 adding to the story that is Peach County. Pearson Farm in Fort Valley grew the 1.8-pound peach, surpassing the 1.75-pound fruit recorded by Guinness World Records.
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"The peaches are from Fort Valley Georgia, from some of the oldest peach farms in Georgia," Nawn said.
When Stephen Rose moved to Nashville in the summer of 2010, he made a disheartening discovery many before him already had: no one was selling fresh, flavorful peaches like the kind he'd grown up with. Stephen had spent most of his childhood summers at a peach farm in his hometown of Fort Valley, Georgia.
The Peach Truck, a peach delivery service, reveals that peaches can fit into one of two types: freestone or clingstone. Both are exactly what they sound like, referring the the fruit's stone, pit, or seed.
In terms of the price, quality and experience we were very happy with The Peach Truck. I will consider ordering peaches from them again this year (if so this would be our third year) and did sign up for their email list to be the first to know when ordering is available.
We started The Peach Truck in 2012 with a simple vision. Get Pearson Farm's Fresh Georgia Peaches to folks right off the tree.
White peaches tend to be sweeter than yellow-fleshed peaches, ranging from 12 to 16 degrees Brix. Among the sweetest cultivars is Saturn (Prunus persica 'Saturn'), a small donut peach that measures at 14 to 16 degrees Brix.